Jung Hyung-Chul


Dr. Hyung-chul Jung

B.Eng. (Chonbuk National), Ph.D.(Canterbury)


Mechanical Engineering

Faculty of Engineering and Science

Contact Details

Phone: +60 85 63 0100 ext.2426

Fax: +60 85 63 0100

Location: SK3 – 320

Email: jung.hc@curtin.edu.my

Research Interests

Biomaterials and manufacturing, Noise Control, Fluid Machines


Dr. Jung graduated with a B.Eng. in Mechanical Engineering from Chonbuk National University, South Korea. He then worked as a maintenance officer (lieutenant) at the Republic of Korea Air Force (a special case of compulsory military service) and as a plant engineer for Panasia Paper Korea – Norske Skog and Abitibi Consolidated (the 3rd largest mill in the world at that time and currently called as the Jeonju Paper Corporation). He permanently moved to New Zealand in the early 2000s and earned his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Canterbury. Prior to his current academic position, he worked as a Postdoctoral researcher at Canterbury for over three years in the area of organic Rankine cycle (ORC) systems for conversion of low-temperature geothermal fluids and low-grade industrial waste heat into electricity under two main research projects. This was in collaboration with a number of industrial partners, and was supported by the New Zealand Heavy Engineering Research Association funded by the Ministry for Science & Innovation. His research mainly focuses on the modelling & design of thermal energy systems, notably, Pentgeneration systems running with renewable energy. He is an expert in the numerical modelling of the organic Rankine cycle, ejector cooling systems, thermal desalination, turbines, centrifugal pumps, heat exchangers, and piping systems. He is a Chartered Engineer (CEng MIMechE). He joined Curtin University, Malaysia Campus in 2015.

Academic History

  • Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering, University of Canterbury, New Zealand (2006)
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Engineering, University of Canterbury, NZ (2002, upgraded to Ph.D. course)
  • B.Eng in Mechanical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, South Korea (1990)

Professional Positions Held

  • Lecturer, Curtin University Sarawak Malaysia (2015-present)
  • Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Canterbury, New Zealand (2011-2014)
  • Instructor for National Certificate of Educational Achievement, New Zealand (2007-2011)
  • Plant Engineer, Panasia Paper Korea – Norske Skog & Abitibi Consolidated (Currently Jeonju Paper Corporation), South Korea (1994-2001)
  • Maintenance Engineer, Asiana Airlines, Seoul, South Korea (1994)
  • Aircraft Maintenance Officer (Lieutenant), Republic of Korea Air Force (A special case of compulsory military service) (1991-1994)

Research Interests

  • Renewable energy (geothermal, waste heat recovery, biomass, and solar thermal)
  • Modelling & design of hybrid power cycles, expanders (turbine, scroll, rotary vane, and reciprocating type), heat exchangers, and pumps
  • Rotordynamics
  • Dynamic simulations of ORC system
  • CFD and FEA of turbomachinary
  • Biosolids, oil palm wastes, and design of furnaces
  • Analysis and design of thermal energy systems powered by renewable energy
  • Thermodynamic modelling of the ORC, CHP, Tri-, Quad-, and Pent-generation systems
  • Numerical modelling and design of energy system components: expanders of turbine, scroll, rotary vane and reciprocating type, parabolic trough collectors, nozzles, heat exchangers, furnaces, and pumps
  • CFD analysis and FEA of turbomachinary
  • Rotordynamics

Professional Affiliation

  • Member, American Society of Mechanical Engineers
  • Member, Institute of Mechanical Engineers (UK)
  • Professional Membership – CEng MIMechE

Subjects Taught

  • Manufacturing Technology
  • Machine Design
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Thermodynamics


1 PostDoc (Completed) 1 PostDoc (Ongoing)

1 PhD (Completed) 2 PhD (Ongoing)

5 MPhil (Completed) 2 MPhil (Ongoing),

20 UG (Completed) 5 UG (Ongoing)

Postgraduate Research Opportunities

Project 1: Design and feasibility study of a small scale combined heat and power plant based on oil palm waste-fired organic Rankine cycle for remote villages

Degree: Masters or Ph.D.

Project Description:

Based on the research question of what new technology can be developed that creates export opportunity for Malaysia business by improving the quality of lives of residents in remote villages and islands where they do not have access to main grid electricity, and also by reducing cost of power generation, this research represents the first stage (a design phase) of a two stage project where we will ultimately carry out the construction, operation and evaluation of a small scale combined heat and power (CHP) plant. Student is given an overseas internship opportunity in NZ, Korea, or Australia during the study period.

Funding Arrangements:

Funding is now being sought from MOSTI but has not yet materialized.


Project 2: Assessment of the suitability of sewage sludge as a fuel source for organic Rankine cycle power plants

Degree: Masters or Ph.D.

Project Description:

Sewage (or wastewater) is waste from all sinks, toilets, laundries, kitchens and bathrooms. This water includes sludge or heavy organic matter which is scraped in sewage treatment plants and pumped to digesters for treatment. During this sludge treatment process ‘helpful’ bacteria break down the sludge to form biosolids. The biosolids are in the form of damp cake after passing through a machine that squeezes water out. Biosolids or treated sludge can be dried using heat. In this study we will investigate the suitability of the treated sludge as a fuel source for organic Rankine cycle power plants.


Funding will be sought from FRGS.


Project 3: Design of an automatic oil palm wastes furnace for small size organic Rankine cycle power plants

Degree: Masters or Ph.D.

Project Description:

In the biomass-based ORC system, biomass is burned in a furnace and then the heat released is transferred to thermal fluid (oil or water) traveling through boiler. The high temperature thermal fluid evaporates working fluid in evaporator and then the pressurised fluid vapour passes through expander, expanding and turning the expander connected to a generator. In this research programme we will design a novel furnace combusting oil palm wastes, such as empty fruit bunches, fibre, shell, and palm kernel, by focusing on minimising emissions and avoiding ash deposition or clog in the boiler.


Funding will be sought from FRGS.


Project 4: CFD & FEA of a radial inflow turbine with refrigerant for small scale organic Rankine cycle systems

Degree: Masters or Ph.D.

Project Description:

Radial inflow turbine is a potential candidate for ORCs. It can achieve high expansion ratio with low flow rate of working fluid. It can also maintain high efficiency at off-design conditions with the use of variable geometry stator.  In this study, we will make use of an in-house developed simulation model for the meanline design of a radial turbine and then CFD and FEA will be performed using ANSYS Turbosystem for the detailed design of rotor blades, nozzle vanes, and volute. The Student is given an overseas internship opportunity in NZ, Korea, or Australia during the study period.


Funding will be sought from FRGS.


Current Postgraduate Supervision

Ph.D. Students:

  • Tommy Ting Siew Fock

Project: Modelling and design of a rotary vane expander for oil palm waste-fired organic Rankine cycle power plant (Principal supervisor)

Project Description:

The importance of renewable energy in the generation of electricity cannot be overstated when considering the rising cost and environmental impacts of fossil fuels. ORC (organic Rankine cycle) system is a proven technology that can be used to convert renewable energy, such as low-temperature geothermal fluids, low-grade waste heat, biomass, and solar thermal energy, into electricity thanks to the use of working fluids with low boiling points, such as pentane, butane, R245fa, and R365mfc. Compared with the conventional steam power plants, the ORC system operates at incomparably low boiling temperatures and low pressures and thus the system is simple and easy to operate. The key component of the ORC is expander which critically influences the system efficiency. In this research project, we will develop a computer simulation model of rotary vane expander.

  • Sungjin Choi (University of Canterbury, NZ)

Project: An Experimental and Simulation Study Dedicated to the Optimal Design of a Scroll Expander and the Control Strategy of Organic Rankine Cycle Power Plant (Associate supervisor)

Previous Research Works

Research title: Advanced low enthalpy geothermal and allied power generation technology

Principle outcomes: CFD & FEA of radial inflow turbines for ORC. Rotordynamic modelling for a turbine rotor-bearing system. System level design and economic analysis of an ORC power plant recovering waste heat from a refinery hot kerosene stream. Performance analysis of zeotropic fluid mixtures.

Research title: Products for low heat energy conversion

Principle outcomes: Modelling and design of two ORCs at system and component levels. Modelling of standard and recuperative ORCs. Modelling, design, set-up and testing of an ORC test rig using exhaust gas from a 30 kW Capstone gas turbine.

Research Collaborators

  • Professor Susan Krumdieck: Energy & ORC (University of Canterbury, New Zealand)
  • Professor Kyung Chun Kim: ORC design and experiment (Pusan National University, Korea)
  • Dr. Nick C. Baines: Turbomachinery (Concepts NREC, UK)
  • Dr. Byung-sik Peter Park: ORC development (Korea Institute of Energy Research, Korea)
  • Dr. Emilie Sauret: Turbine design & CFD (Queensland University of Technology, Australia)
  • Kirk Shaffer: Scroll expander (Air Squared Manufacturing, Inc., USA)
  • Dr. Lau Shiew Wei: Biosolids fuel (Curtin University Sarawak Malaysia)

Research Funding

  • Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS): Principal Investigator (2015)

Project: Modelling and design of a rotary vane expander for oil palm waste-fired organic Rankine cycle power plant

  • NZ Ministry for Business Innovation and Employment (MBIE): Co-Investigator (2012)

Project: Advanced Low Enthalpy Geothermal and Allied Power Generation Technology


Journal Publications

  1. Chai Choi Yun and Jung, H.C., Sizing a parabolic trough collector for a micro solar organic Rankine cycle, Jurnal Teknologi, Vol.81, No.2, 2019, pp 123-133, https://doi.org/10.11113/jt.v81.12304. (ISI-ESCI)

  2. Jung, H.C. and Krumdieck, S., Meanline design of a 250 kW radial inflow turbine stage using R245fa working fluid and waste heat from a refinery process, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy, Vol.230, No.4, 2016, pp 402-414. (ISI indexed / IF 0.939)
  3. Jung, H.C., Taylor, L. and Krumdieck, S., An experimental and modelling study of a 1 kW organic Rankine cycle unit with mixture working fluid, Energy, Vol.81, 2015, pp 601-614, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2015.01.003. (ISI, IF 4.520)
  4.  Jung, H.C. and Krumdieck, S., Rotordynamic modelling and analysis of a radial inflow turbine rotor-bearing system, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, Vol.15, No.11, 2014, pp 2285-2290. (ISI, IF 1.497)
  5.  Jung, H.C., Krumdieck, S. and Vranjes, T., Feasibility assessment of refinery waste heat-to-power conversion using an organic Rankine cycle, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol.77, 2014, pp 396-407. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2013.09.057. (ISI, IF 5.589)
  6. Jung, H.C. and Krumdieck, S., Modelling of organic Rankine cycle system and heat exchanger components, International Journal of Sustainable Energy, Vol.33, No.3, 2014, pp 704-721, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786451.2013.770394. (ISI-ESCI)
  7.  Jung, H.C. and Krumdieck, S., Process Optimization and Sensitivity Investigation in Laser Forming with Finite Element Analysis, International Journal of Computational Methods, Vol.4, No. 4, 2007, pp 653-670. (ISI, IF 1.053)

Conference Papers

  1. Jung, H.C. & Krumdieck, S. (2013) Analysis of Zeotropic Mixture in a Geothermal Organic Rankine Cycle Power Plant with an Air-Cooled Condenser. Rotorua, New Zealand: 35th New Zealand Geothermal Workshop (NZGW), 18-21 Nov 2013. http://www.geothermal-energy.org/pdf/IGAstandard/NZGW/2013/Jung_Final.pdf. (Conference Contributions – Full conference papers)
  2. Jung, H.C. & Krumdieck, S., (2013) Design of an organic Rankine cycle and a radial inflow turbine stage for refinery waste heat-to-power conversion, Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Second ASME–ORC 2013 Conference, 7-9 Oct 2013. (Conference Contributions – Poster presentations)
  3. Krumdieck, S. & Jung, H.C. (2005) Substrate heater design investigation for uniform temperature in a cold-wall low pressure reactor. Bochum, Germany: Fifteenth European Conference on Chemical Vapour Deposition (EUROCVD-15), 5-9 Sep 2005. In Proceedings of the International Symposium EUROCVD-15, 2005-09 13-20. http://www.electrochem.org/publications/pv/published/2005.htm. (Conference Contribution – Paper in published proceedings).

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